一言兴邦 – Chinese philosophy and culture

yīyán-xīngbāng 一言兴邦

A Single Remark Makes a Country Prosper.

一句话而使国家兴盛。治国理政是一项复杂的工作,不可能通过简单地依循一句话所表述的某个具体要求,就实现国家的兴盛。但如果执政者能够充分意识到治理天下的困难,并因此在为政中谨言慎行,始终不懈怠,那么凭借为政者的这种观念,则可能实现国家的兴盛。这种观念的作用即接近于“一言兴邦”。

A single remark can help a country thrive. As governance is a highly complex undertaking, it is impossible to make a country prosperous simply by following an idea expressed in a single remark. However, if a ruler thoroughly understands how difficult it is to run a country and exercises governance with prudence and dedication, it is quite possible for him to make his country prosper. In this sense, the effect of such concept, which can almost be likened as a single remark, will make a country flourish.

引例 Citation:

◎定公问:“一言而可以兴邦,有诸?”孔子对曰:“言不可以若是其几也。人之言曰:‘为君难,为臣不易。’如知为君之难也,不几乎一言而兴邦乎?”(《论语·子路》)

(鲁定公问:“一句话就可以使国家兴盛,有这回事吗?”孔子回答说:“不可以对一句话有这样的期待。人们说:‘做君主难,做大臣也不容易。’如果君主懂得做君主的艰难,不也就近乎一句话而使国家兴盛了吗?”)

Duke Ding of the State of Lu asked: “Is there a single remark that can make a country thrive?” Confucius replied: “No single remark can be expected to perform such a deed. There is a saying: ‘It is not easy to be a ruler, nor is it easy to be a court official.’ However, a ruler who truly understands how hard it is to govern a country will have a vision, which is almost like a single remark, and that will make his country prosper.” (The Analects)

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