乾 – Chinese philosophy and culture

qián 乾

Qian

“八卦”之一,由三个“阳爻”组成,画为“☰”。又为“六十四卦”之一,由六个“阳爻”组成,画为“”。按照易学的解释,由于“乾”卦全部由阳爻组成,因此具有纯阳之性,被用以象征各种阳性的事物或原则。“乾”卦的基本象征意义是天,在社会领域主要象征男性、父亲、君主等社会角色以及刚健有为的行事原则。结合“乾”卦的各种象征意义,“乾”还被赋予了创生、统领万物之义。

One of the eight trigrams, it consists of three yang lines: ☰. It is also one of the 64 hexagrams when it consists of six yang lines:. According to scholars on The Book of Changes, as the qian trigram is composed only of yang lines, it is purely yang and is thus used to symbolize all yang things or principles. The qian trigram symbolizes heaven, and in social terms, it symbolizes the social roles played by the male, the father, and the monarch, as well as decisive and vigorous ways of doing things. In this context, qian also means creating and leading all things under heaven.

引例 Citations:

◎乾,健也。(《周易·说卦》)

(乾,意为刚健有为。)

The qian trigram symbolizes vigor and vitality. (The Book of Changes)

◎大哉乾元,万物资始,乃统天。(《周易·彖上》)

(伟大的乾元,万物依赖它开始产生,乾元统帅天的运行与效用。)

Great is the qian hexagram! All things owe their existence to it, and it guides the movement of heaven and creates its impact. (The Book of Changes)

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