Fair / Just
The expression means fair and just. Gong (公), the opposite of si (私 private), means impartial and not self-centered. Zheng (正), the opposite of qu (曲 crooked), has two meanings. One is shared norms based on justice, and the other is making oneself comply with these norms in one’s behavior and stay unbiased and impartial in one’s relationship with others. Fairness is expressed mainly in a state or society having a common morality and norms with which all people are bound and which people use to judge whether others are doing right. In modern society, fairness finds its expression mainly in the way that institutions, laws, and people are just and social wealth and public resources are fairly distributed. It is seen as one of the core values conducive to good morality and society.
Do not harm the fairness because of personal likes and dislikes. Find out what the people detest and take that as a warning to oneself. (Guanzi)
Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty said, “What the ancient people described as the greatest fairness probably means impartiality and forbearance without any self-interest. (Wu Jing: Important Political Affairs of the Zhenguan Reign)
All under heaven enjoys fairness when its governance is fair. Governance is fair when the men who govern are fair. The men are fair when their minds are fair. (An Anthology of Pre-Tang Dynasty Literature)