咏史诗 – Chinese philosophy and culture

yǒnɡshǐshī 咏史诗

Poetry on History

以历史事件或历史人物等作为创作题材并借以抒写诗人情志、感悟的诗歌。史实、史识与史情紧密结合是其主要特点。咏史诗多以“述古”“怀古”“览古”“感古”“古兴”“读史”“咏史”等为题,也有直接以被描写的历史人物、历史事件为标题的。

Poetry on history refers to poems written to convey a poet’s sentiments by reflecting on historical events or historical figures. A poem on history touched on historical events and expressed the poet’s historical insight as well as his emotional attachment to history. Such poems recounted, relived, revived, interpreted, or chanted about history. Some poets used historical figures or events as titles for such poems.

引例 Citation:

◎怀古者,见古迹,思古人其事。无他,兴亡贤愚而已。(方回《瀛奎律髓》卷三)

(怀古之作,是诗人见到古迹,于是追思古人的往事。不为别的,不过是抒写对历史兴亡和古人贤愚的看法与感悟罢了。)

Poems on history are written when poets see historical sites that take their minds to the past. In these poems, poets reflect on the rise and fall of past dynasties as well as the wisdom and folly of historical figures. (Fang Hui: The Best Regulated Poems of the Tang and Song Dynasties)

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