国体 – Chinese philosophy and culture

ɡuótǐ 国体

Guoti

主要有三种不同的含义:其一,指辅佐国君的重要大臣。这是一种比喻的说法,即国家犹如人的身体,而辅佐国君的大臣犹如这个身体的重要组成部分。其二,指国家的法令制度。其三,指国家的体统或尊严。

The term, literally meaning the state and the body, has three meanings. First, it refers to the important ministers who help the sovereign ruler govern the state. Figuratively, the term suggests that the state is a human body and the ministers are the major components of the body. Second, it refers to the constitution and laws of a state. Third, it means national polity or dignity.

引例 Citations:

◎君之卿佐,是谓股肱,故曰国体。(《榖梁传·昭公十五年》范宁集解)

(辅佐国君的执政大臣,就像人的大腿和胳膊,所以称作“国体”。)

Ministers are like the arms and legs of the sovereign ruler. They constitute the major components of the country. (Fan Ning: Annotations on Guliang’s Commentary on The Spring and Autumn Annals)

◎国体具存,纪纲不紊。(姚莹《与陆制军书》)

(国家的典章制度完备,政策法令的运行不紊乱。)

The national legal system is well enacted, and the laws and regulations are orderly implemented. (Yao Ying: A Letter to General Lu)

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