This term means conforming to the superior in applying standards for right and wrong. It is one of the basic positions of the Mohist school. Mozi believed that in the absence of a state and political power, confusion over right and wrong would give rise to conflict and fighting, causing harm to the antagonists. Therefore, he held that worthy and talented men should be the Son of Heaven and his officials at various levels. Everyone should adopt their superior’s standards for judging right and wrong in words and deeds, and ultimately follow the ruler’s standards. The sovereign ruler himself should submit to Heaven’s will. The Mohists believed that conforming upwardly was an important means to ensure great order under heaven.
What your superior affirms, you must also affirm. What your superior rejects, you must also reject. If you have a good idea, manage to go to your superior and recommend it. If your superior commits an error, admonish him and remonstrate. Upwardly you should conform to your superior, not to your subordinates. (Mozi)