意象 – Chinese philosophy and culture

yìxiàng 意象

Yixiang (Imagery)

文学作品中表达作者主观情感和独特意境的典型物象。“意”指作者的思想情感;“象”是外在的具体物象,是寄寓了作者思想情感的艺术形象。在文学创作中,“意象”多指取自大自然中能够寄托情思的物象。“意象”强调文学作品的思想内容与形象之美的和谐生成,是一种成熟的文艺形态。

Imagery refers to a typical image in literary works, which embodies the author’s subjective feelings and unique artistic conceptions. Yi (意) literally means an author’s feelings and thoughts, and xiang (象) refers to the image of a material object in the external world, an artistic image reflecting the author’s thoughts and feelings. In literary creation, imagery often refers to those images in nature with which an author’s feelings and thoughts are associated. Emphasizing the harmonious relationship between beauty in both form and content, it is a mature state of literary creation.

引例 Citations:

◎窥意象而运斤。(刘勰《文心雕龙·神思》)

(探寻心中的意象而构思运笔。)

An author explores the imagery in his mind, conceives a work, and writes it down. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)

◎意象欲出,造化已奇。(司空图《二十四诗品·缜密》)

(诗歌的意象浑欲浮现,大自然是这般奇妙。)

What a wonderful state of nature it is when the imagery of a poem is about to emerge! (Sikong Tu: Twenty-Four Styles of Poetry)

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