教化 – Chinese philosophy and culture

jiàohuà

标题

By “key concepts in Chinese thought and culture” we mean concepts and keywords or phrases the Chinese people have created or come to use that are fundamentally pertinent to Chinese philosophy, humanistic spirit, way of thinking, and values.

jiàohuà 教化

Shaping the Mind Through Education

指教育和感化。是中国古代重要的政治理念和治国方法。当政者一般通过行政命令、道德教育、环境影响、通俗读物传播、科举考试等诸种有形和无形的手段的综合运用,将主流价值观潜移默化地向民众普及,使之深入民众的日常活动之中,从而实现政治与风俗的合二为一。

Shaping the mind through education was a key concept of the political philosophy and an essential way of governance in ancient China. Rulers usually used a combination of means, both visible and invisible, to subtly spread their values among people so that these values would be observed in people’s daily life, leading to integration of governance and social mores. These means include issuing administrative decrees, conducting moral education, creating a favorable environment, disseminating popular literature that promoted ethical values, and selecting officials through imperial examinations.

引例 Citation:

◎故礼之教化也微,其止邪也于未形。(《礼记·经解》)

(所以礼对民众的教育和感化作用是隐微的,它能够将不好的东西消弭于未成形之时。)

Educating and influencing the people through li (礼) has the invisible impact of getting rid of immoral thoughts in the bud. (The Book of Rites)


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