李白《杨叛儿》 – Li Bai poems in chinese and english

Li Bai has both a proud side and a secular side. His ideals and freedom can only be sought in the mountains and forests, fairyland, and drunk country. Therefore, he has flowed in poems such as “Jiang Jinjiu”, “Jiangshang Yin”, “Xiangyang Song” and other poems. Revealing the thoughts of life as a dream, having fun in time, escaping from reality, etc., are also representative of the upright and arrogant literati in feudal society.

 

杨叛儿[1]

君歌[2]杨叛儿,

妾劝新丰酒[3]。

何许[4]最关人[5]?

乌啼白门[6]柳。

乌啼隐[7]杨花,

君醉留妾家。

博山炉[8]中沉香[9]火,

双烟一气[10]凌紫霞[11]。

这首诗取材于乐府《杨叛儿》。一对青年男女,君唱歌,妾劝酒,一开头就呈现出一对恋人互相爱慕的美好画面,愉悦的气氛贯穿全诗。白门即刘宋都城建康(今南京)城门。南朝民间情歌常常提到白门,后代指男女欢会之地。对热恋之中的人来说,最牵动人心的自然是约会的时间和地点,“乌啼”即指日暮,对“何许最关人”这一设问,无疑“乌啼白门柳”道出了所有恋人的心声。乌啼是薄暮,乌隐是迟暮,恋人陶醉在甜情蜜意中,一醉一留间,将爱情表现得尤为炽烈。此句意境动人,与“月上柳梢头,人约黄昏后”有异曲同工之妙。最后两句蕴含道教哲学的绝妙比喻,使全诗得到升华,这是一首唯美的爱情之诗。

注释:

[1]杨叛儿:一作“阳叛儿”,原为南北朝时的童谣,后来成为乐府诗题。《乐府诗集》卷四十九列为《清商曲辞》。

[2]君歌:即“君家”。

[3]新丰酒:原指在长安新丰镇生产的酒。此指江南之新丰酒。

[4]何许:何处,哪里。

[5]关人:牵动人的情思。

[6]白门:刘宋都城建康(今南京)城门。

[7]隐:隐没,这里指乌鸦栖息在杨花丛中。

[8]博山炉:古香炉名。

[9]沉香:又名沉水香,一种可燃的名贵香料。

[10]双烟一气:两股烟缭绕在一起,用以形容男女两情之合好如一。

[11] 紫霞:指天空云霞。

A Love Song

You sing a lover’s lore;

I urge you to drink more.

What touches you and me?

Crow’s nest in willow tree.

Crows hide mid poplar flowers;

Drunk,you stay in my bowers.

Behold the censer and the sandalwood in fire!

Two wreaths of smoke combine and rise higher and higher.