民勇者战胜 – Chinese philosophy and culture

mín yǒng zhě zhàn shèng 民勇者战胜

A Country with Brave People Can Win the Victory.

民众英勇,打仗就会获胜。“勇”作为一种品格,主要是指战斗精神、必胜意志、无所畏惧的气概。它往往是决定战争胜利的必要条件或先决条件。这种品格,不仅军队要具备,广大民众也应具备;民众是赢得战争的社会基础,只有民众也表现出足够的英勇,才能使战争在兵源、物力、财力、精神等各方面得到足够的支持。其中蕴涵着总体战争的观念。

Bravery determines the victorious outcome of a battle. As a trait, bravery refers mainly to the fighting spirit, the will to win, and fearless heroism. It is characteristically a necessary condition or a pre-requisite that decides the victorious outcome of a battle. Such a trait should not only be found in an army, but also in the general public because the latter provides the social support to wage a war. Only from a heroic population can adequate manpower, materials, money, and moral that the war needs be drawn. This term implies the notion of a general war.

引例 Citation:

◎民勇者,战胜;民不勇者,战败。(《商君书·画策》)

(民众英勇,就能战胜;民众怯懦,就会战败。)

A country with brave people will win the war whereas that with cowardly people will lose the war. (The Book of Lord Shang)

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