田园诗 – Chinese philosophy and culture

tiányuánshī 田园诗

Idyllic Poetry

一种以描写田园景色和田园生活为主要题材的诗歌流派。由东晋诗人陶渊明开创。陶渊明的诗大部分取材于田园生活,语言质朴,画面平淡,但清新自然,意境深远,韵味醇厚。田园诗为中国古典诗歌开辟了一个新的境界,影响了六朝之后的诗歌发展。

A genre created by Tao Yuanming of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, idyllic poetry depicts rural life and scenery. Taking country life as his favored theme, Tao Yuanming used plain language to portray rural scenes. His poems were unpretentious, refreshing, and natural, thus creating a far-reaching aesthetic conception and a lasting charm. Idyllic poetry represented a new stage in classical Chinese poetry and shaped poetic development in the Six Dynasties period and beyond.

引例 Citation:

◎以康乐之奥博,多溺于山水;以渊明之高古,偏放于田园。(白居易《与元九书》)

(谢灵运的诗深奥博大,但是多耽溺于山水;陶渊明的诗超拔古朴,却又多放情于田园。)

Xie Lingyun’s poems are profound in implication, but focused excessively on mountain and water scenes, while Tao Yuanming’s poems are graceful and simple, depicting mainly rural scenes. (Bai Juyi: Letter to Yuan Zhen)

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