画道 – Chinese philosophy and culture

huàdào 画道

Dao of Painting

即“绘画之道”。有广狭二义:狭义指绘画的各种技法;广义则指画作中蕴含的文化理念、人格精神、艺术风格和审美追求,是“道”与“技”的完美融合。“道”决定画所要表现的思想主题、艺术法则和美学风格;画是“道”的具体表象,寄托了画家的文化理念、人格精神、艺术风格和审美追求。故道以画显,画因道而获得提升。杰出的画家追求技进乎道、艺与道合。画道,不仅包含了宇宙自然之道,而且折射了社会人生之道,彰显出中国固有的人文精神。

The term has both broad and narrow meanings. Interpreted narrowly, it means various painting techniques. Interpreted broadly, it means the cultural values, personality, artistic style, and aesthetic aspiration embodied in a painting, suggesting a perfect fusion of Dao and skills. Dao determines the theme a painting conveys as well as the painting’s artistic principles and aesthetic style. A painting is a concrete image that illustrates Dao. It reflects the cultural principles followed by the painter as well as his personality, artistic style, and aesthetic aspiration. Therefore, paintings illuminate Dao, which in turn enhances the paintings. Prominent painters seek to access Dao through refining their skills and epitomizing Dao in artwork. The Dao of painting not only encompasses the Dao of nature, but also the Dao of social life, demonstrating the commitment to humanism inherent in the Chinese culture.

引例 Citations:

◎夫圣人以神法道,而贤者通;山水以形媚道,而仁者乐。不亦几乎?(宗炳《画山水序》)

(圣人精神上效法道,而德才杰出的人可以通达于道;山水以其自然形质婉转契合道,使仁者对之喜爱。这难道不是很微妙吗?)

Sages follow Dao intellectually, while virtuous talent can access Dao. Natural scenery manifests Dao in its natural forms and shapes, cultivating a love for it in the benevolent. Isn’t that wonderful? (Zong Bing: On the Creation of Landscape Painting)

◎画之道,所谓宇宙在乎手者,眼前无非生机。(董其昌《画禅室随笔》)

(绘画之道,就是宇宙自然的神奇都能够通过手表现出来,呈现于眼前的全是有生命的景象。)

The Dao of painting enables one to use his hand to depict the wonder of nature and present to viewers a scene full of life. (Dong Qichang: Essays from Huachan Studio)

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