舍生取义 – Chinese philosophy and culture

shěshēng-qǔyì 舍生取义

Give One’s Life to Uphold Righteousness

舍弃生命以保全道义。“舍生取义”这一主张出自《孟子》。孟子(前372—前289)认为,“义”是人之所以为人的本质特征之一,舍“义”而不足以为人。生命固然可贵,但生存却并不是人之所以为人的目的或意义。因此,当保全生命与坚守道义发生冲突的时候,人不应背义苟活,而应牺牲生命以捍卫道义。

This belief is advocated by Mencius (372-289BC). He holds that upholding righteousness is an essential attribute of a dignified man, and without it one would lose his moral standing. Life is precious, but survival should not be the only thing that is important in life. When one faces a choice between saving life and upholding righteousness, he should give life to uphold righteousness.

引例 Citation:

◎生亦我所欲也,义亦我所欲也,二者不可得兼,舍生而取义者也。(《孟子·告子上》)

(生命是我所渴望的,义也是我所渴望的,二者不能同时获得的时候,舍弃生命以保全道义。)

Both life and righteousness are important to me. However, if I cannot have both, I will give my life so as to uphold righteousness. (Mencius)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *