艮 – Chinese philosophy and culture

gèn 艮

Gen (Mountain)

“八卦”之一,画为“☶”。“艮”又为“六十四卦”之一,由两个三画的“艮”卦组成,画为“䷳”。在“八卦”系统中,“艮”卦的基本象征意义是山。山峦静止,故有终止、成就万物之义。“艮”卦由一个阳爻和两个阴爻组成,属于阳卦,在人伦领域象征男性。“艮”卦中的阳爻居于上位,象征家中最小的儿子。

This is one of the eight trigrams, bundled together in the shape of ☶. It is also one of the 64 hexagrams, composed of two trigrams like this ䷳. In the eighttrigram system, it symbolizes the mountain. The mountain is still, meaning that everything can be brought to a conclusion and gets what it is supposed to obtain. The term is composed of one unbroken line and two broken lines. It is considered a yang trigram and symbolizes the male. As the unbroken line lies above the two broken lines, it is considered to stand for the youngest son of a family.

引例 Citations:

◎艮,止也。(《周易·说卦》)

(艮,意为终止。)

Gen denotes stopping. (The Book of Changes)

◎兼山,艮。君子以思不出其位。(《周易·象下》)

(两山并立,是终止之义。所以君子谋虑之事不超出其分位。)

Gen stands for two mountains side by side, meaning to stop. So what a man of integrity plans to do should never go beyond what his capacity and social status allows him to. (The Book of Changes)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *