闻知 – Chinese philosophy and culture

wénzhī 闻知

Knowledge from Hearsay

听闻而得的知识。“闻知”是墨家提出的一种知识类别,同时也标志着一种认知方式。墨家认为,知识的获取有三种方式,即“亲知”“闻知”“说知”。“闻知”指通过他人的告知或传授而认知事物,是一种间接的认知方式。

Knowledge from hearsay is a type of knowledge and a way of acquiring it proposed by the Mohist School. In their opinion, knowledge is gained in three ways: by personal experience, by hearsay, and by explanation. To learn by hearsay means being told or taught by others, and is an indirect way of gaining knowledge.

引例 Citations:

◎知,闻、说、亲。(《墨子·经上》)

(知,分为闻知、说知、亲知。)

Knowing comes from hearsay, explanation, or personal experience. (Mozi)

◎传受之,闻也。(《墨子·经说上》)

(他人传授而知,就是“闻知”。)

Receiving something that is being told is knowing by hearsay. (Mozi)

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