静因之道 – Chinese philosophy and culture

jìng yīn zhī dào 静因之道

Governance by Being Aloof

虚静因循的为政方式。“静因之道”出自《管子》,一般被认为代表了黄老学的思想。黄老学继承了老子的“无为”思想,认为君主应避免依凭政治权力去干预百姓的生活,要以虚静的姿态因循百姓自身所固有的法则,使百姓能够按照自然的方式生存、发展。君主对待百姓的这种虚静、因循的方式,就是“静因之道”。

This term, first mentioned in Guanzi, refers to being aloof in exercising governance. It is regarded as representing the doctrines of the Yellow Emperor and Laozi. This school of thought built on Laozi’s concept of non-action and held that a ruler should avoid using political power to interfere with the people’s daily life. Rather, he should be aloof so that the people would follow their own ways and practices and live and work in a natural way.

引例 Citation:

◎是故有道之君,其处也若无知,其应物也若偶之,静因之道也。(《管子·心术上》)

(因此有道的君主,他自处的时候好像毫无智慧,他应对事物好像自然契合事物的固有法则,这就是“静因之道”。)

Therefore, a ruler who practices the Way (Dao), when being by himself, seems without knowledge. And he adapts to things which follow their natural course of development. This is called being aloof in governance. (Guanzi)

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