Su Shi Poem: Courtyard Full of Fragrance – 苏轼《满庭芳·蜗角虚名》

满庭芳

苏轼

蜗角虚名,

蝇头微利,

算来著甚[1]干忙[2]。

事皆前定,

谁弱又谁强。

且趁闲身未老,

尽放我、

些子[3]疏狂。

百年里,

浑[4]教是醉,

三万六千场。

思量。

能几许,

忧愁风雨,

一半相妨[5]。

又何须、

抵死[6]说短论长。

幸对清风皓月,

苔茵展、

云幕高张。

江南好,

千钟美酒,

一曲满庭芳。

注释:

[1]著甚:为什么。

[2]干忙:白白忙碌。

[3]些子:一点儿。

[4]浑:全。

[5]妨:损害。

[6]抵死:竭力。

Courtyard Full of Fragrance

Su Shi

For fame as vain as a snail’s horn

And profit as slight as a fly’s head,

Should I be busy and forlorn?

Fate rules for long,

Who is weak? Who is strong?

Not yet grown old and having leisure,

Let me be free to enjoy pleasure!

Could I be drunk in a hundred years,

Thirty-six hundred times without shedding tears?

Think how long life can last,

Though sad and harmful storms I’ve passed.

Why should I waste my breath

Until my death,

To say the short and long

Or right and wrong?

I am happy to enjoy clear breeze and the moon bright,

Green grass outspread

And a canopy of cloud white.

The Southern shore is fine

With a thousand cups of wine

And the courtyard fragrant with song.

注释:

The poet talks about his attitude toward fame and wealth, his detached, transcendental way of living.

 

《满庭芳·蜗角虚名》是宋代文学家苏轼的词作。此词上片由讽世到愤世,下片从自叹到自适,展示了作者人生道路上受到重大挫折之后既愤世嫉俗又飘逸旷达的内心世界,表现了作者宠辱皆忘、超然物外的人生态度。全词以议论为主,夹以抒情,情理交融,肆意不羁,用语率真自然,风格奔放舒卷。

“Courtyard Full of Fragrance”” is a lyric by Su Shi, a writer of the Song Dynasty. The upper part of the lyric ranges from sarcasm to cynicism, and the lower part from self-sighing to self-comfort, showing the author’s inner world of cynicism and open-mindedness after a major setback in his life, expressing the author’s attitude of forgetting both favor and disgrace and transcending things. The whole lyric is mainly a discussion, interspersed with lyricism, with a blend of emotion and reason, unrestrained and unrestrained, with a frank and natural language, and a spirited and spacious style.

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