Chinese Name: 广州
English Name: Guang Zhou; Canton; Kwangchow
Other Name: Huacheng花城、Yangcheng羊城、Wuyangcheng五羊城
Abbreviation: 穗 Hui
Zip Code: 51 00 00
Population: 18.811 million
Guang Zhou 广州, a prefecture-level city under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province, is the capital of Guangdong Province, the sub-provincial city, and the national center city; Approved by the State Council of China’s important center city, the international trade center, and comprehensive transportation hub.
From the Qin and Han Dynasties (秦汉朝) to the Ming and Qing Dynasties (明清朝), Guang Zhou has been an important port city of China’s foreign trade and the starting point of China’s Maritime Silk Road for more than 2,000 years. During the Tang Dynasty (唐朝), this Maritime Silk Road（海上丝绸之路） was called “Guang Zhou Tonghaiyi Road”（广州通海夷道）. It started from Guang Zhou, passed through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, headed straight to the port of Basra, and reached the coast south of the equator in East Africa. It was the longest ocean route in the world before the 16th century.
Famous Attractions in Guang Zhou
Guang Zhou is rich in educational resources. As of July 2021, there are 68 A-level scenic spots, including 2 5A-level scenic spots, 28 4A-level scenic spots, 37 3A-level scenic spots, and 1 2A-level scenic spot. Among them, Hua Cheng Square, Guang Zhou Tower, Baiyun Mountain, Chang Long Tourist resort, Pearl River Night tour, Chen Ancestral Temple, Bao Mo Garden, ShaMian, Sacred Heart Cathedral, Lingnan Impression Garden, Shawan Ancient Town, Yuexiu Park, Nanyue King Museum, Zhongshan Memorial Hall, Huangpu Military Academy, Nansha Wetland Park, Million Kwai Park, Haizhu Lake National Wetland Park, Conghua hot spring, Jiulong Lake resort, and other scenic spots are the most famous.
Famous Universities in Guang Zhou
Guang Zhou has 82 colleges and universities, and college students 1.1396 million; It’s assembled the 97% of the national key discipline, and 80% of high school, and is one of the most developed cities in China’s higher education, is also the most populated city, Science and education center in South China.
List of universities and colleges in Guang Zhou
|English name||Chinese name|
|Sun yat-sen university||中山大学|
|South China University of Technology||华南理工大学|
|South China Normal University||华南师范大学|
|South China Agricultural University||华南农业大学|
|Guangdong University of Technology||广东工业大学|
|Southern Medical University||南方医科大学|
|Guangdong University of Foreign Studies||广东外语外贸大学|
|Guangzhou Medical University||广州医科大学|
|Guangdong University of Finance and Economics||广东财经大学|
|Guangdong Pharmaceutical University||广东技术师范大学|
|Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts||广东药科大学|
|Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts||广州美术学院|
|Guangdong University of Finance||广东金融学院|
|Guangzhou Institute of Physical Education||广州体育学院|
|Guangdong Police College||广东警官学院|
|Xinghai Conservatory of Music||星海音乐学院|
|Zhongkai College of Agriculture and Engineering||仲恺农业工程学院|
|Guangdong Second Normal University||广东第二师范学院|
Folk culture in Guang Zhou
In the mid-19th century, the flower market was usually held a few days before New Year’s Eve 新年前夕. Flowers and trees flooded the city, along the ten-mile long street, and citizens were accompanied by “walking the flower street” 走花街, which was very lively and prosperous. Many cities in the Pearl River Delta have this custom.
Guang Zhou folk customs also have floating color, xing shi, long shi, ao fish dance, Huangge Kirin dance, Shiqiao watercolor, fish lantern, Qiqiao, Fengwu, eight-tonne gong and drum, wooden fish book, dragon boat, North Emperor’s Birthday, lettuce, Bo Luo, Zheng Xian Birthday, Golden Flower birthday, He Xiangu Birthday and so on.
Diet of Guang Zhou
Canton’s food culture is famous all over the country and has a long history. There are also a lot of special delicacies famous all over China.
Canton cuisine focuses on color, aroma, taste, and shape. The taste is mainly clear, fresh, tender, and crisp, focusing on clear but not light, fresh but not vulgar, tender but not raw, oily but not greasy. Seasonal strong, summer and autumn to light, winter, and spring heavy rich. More common Dishes in Guangzhou include white sliced chicken, fried sea shrimp, a Suckling pig in an open oven, roasted duck in an open oven, snake soup, fried shrimps in oil, braised skirt wings, steamed seafood, prawns roe braised ginseng, and so on.