Du Fu: On the Height ~ 杜甫 《登高》 with English Translations

小编导读:《登高》是唐代伟大诗人杜甫于大历二年(767)秋天在夔州所作的一首七律。前四句写景,述登高见闻,紧扣秋天的季节特色,描绘了江边空旷寂寥的景致。首联为局部近景,颔联为整体远景。后四句抒情,写登高所感,围绕作者自己的身世遭遇,抒发了穷困潦倒、年老多病、流寓他乡的悲哀之情。颈联自伤身世,将前四句写景所蕴含的比兴、象征、暗示之意揭出;尾联再作申述,以衰愁病苦的自我形象收束。此诗语言精练,通篇对偶,一二句尚有句中对,充分显示了杜甫晚年对诗歌语言声律的把握运用已达圆通之境。

杜甫 《登高》

风急天高猿啸哀,渚清沙白鸟飞回。
无边落木萧萧下,不尽长江滚滚来。
万里悲秋常作客,百年多病独登台。
艰难苦恨繁霜鬓,潦倒新停浊酒杯。

On the Height
Du Fu

The wind so swift, the sky so wide, apes wail and cry;
Water so clear and beach so white, birds wheel and fly.
The boundless forest sheds its leaves shower by shower;
The endless river rolls its waves hour after hour,
A thousand miles from home, I’m grieved at autumn’s plight;
Ill now and then for years, alone I’m on this height,
Living in times so hard, at frosted hair I pine;
Cast down by poverty, I have to give up wine.

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