He Zhu Poem: Invitation to Wine – 贺铸《将进酒·城下路》

He Zhu – 贺铸

 

将进酒
贺铸
城下路,
凄风露,
今人犁田古人墓。
岸头沙,
带蒹葭[1],
漫漫昔时流水今人家。
黄埃[2]赤日长安道,
倦客无浆马无草。
开函关[3],
掩函关,
千古如何不见一人闲?
六国扰,
三秦扫,
初谓商山遗四老。
驰单车,
致缄[4]书,
裂荷焚芰[5]接武曳长裾[6]。
高流端得酒中趣,
深入醉乡安稳处。
生忘形,
死忘名,
谁论二豪初不数刘伶?

注释:
[1]蒹葭:古时称芦苇为蒹葭。
[2]埃:尘土。
[3]函关:函谷关。古时的交通要道。
[4]缄:封口。
[5]芰:古书上指菱。
[6]裾:衣服的大襟。

He Zhu – 贺铸

Invitation to Wine
He Zhu
The wind and dew so drear
Bring the buried no cheer.
We till the ground where were the graves of olden days.
Reed and rush grow
By rivershore,
Houses are built where flowed rivers of yore.
Yellow dust is raised under the sun on the way
To the capital town.
Tired wayfarers have no drink and horses no hay.
The passage closed down
Opens again;
As of old we see but passengers come and go.
Six States no more. began Qin’s reign.
Where are the loyal hermits then?
Driving cabs on the way
And sending letters away,
They burned old things and put on robes in display.
Wise men enjoy delight in wine;
Drunk, they will find the country fine.
Neglecting health
And fame and wealth,
Why should I care for what the lords and hermits say?

注释:
The poet voices his discontent of the times.

He Zhu – 贺铸

《将进酒·城下路》是北宋词人贺铸创作的一首词。此词借咏史而抒怀,上片用前人诗句而略加变化,显示作者对自然、人生和历史现象的观察与思考,下片以热衷名利的假隐士与忘形忘名的“高流”作对比,以愤慨、嘲弄的词来描写历史上那些追名逐利、蝇营狗苟、热衷权势、贪得无厌之徒,表达了自己超然物外淡泊名利的襟怀。全词笔调幽默,节奏高亢,风格豪放而疏朗旷达,嘲讽幽默而富于哲理。

The lyric “Invitation to Wine” is a lyric composed by He Chuan, a lyricist of the Northern Song Dynasty. The first piece uses the previous poem with slight variations, showing the author’s observations and reflections on nature, life and historical phenomena. The second piece contrasts the fake hermits who are keen on fame and fortune with the “high streams” who forget their forms and fame. It expresses his own transcendence and indifference to fame and fortune. The whole lyric is humorous, with a high rhythm, a bold and spacious style, mocking humor and rich in philosophy.

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