Zhu Xi Poem: Pomegranate Flowers – 朱熹《题榴花》

题榴花[1]

朱熹

五月榴花照眼明[2],

枝间时见子[3]初成。

可怜[4]此地无车马[5],

颠倒[6]苍苔落绛英[7]。

注释:

[1] 《千家诗》注说:“榴花当夏而开,朱英灿烂,映目光华,其榴子即结于花瓣之下。但慨其园林闲寂,车马稀疏,绛英红萼,铺于满地,遮遍苍苔,无人玩赏也。”这是一首写夏景的诗,满园芳菲落尽,果实初结,但是无人欣赏,颇有世人多爱华而不实的感慨。

[2] 照眼明:指映入眼帘,格外鲜明。

[3] 子:指石榴果。

[4] 可怜:可惜。

[5] 车马:指游玩的人。

[6] 颠倒:纷乱。

[7] 绛英:大红色的花瓣。

Pomegranate Flowers

Zhu Xi

Pomegranates in the fifth moon dazzle the sight;

Among the branches you perceive their seeds pearl-bright.

But this is a place where no cabs nor horses cross;

You see only reds fallen pellmell on green moss.

《题榴花》是唐代文学家韩愈的诗作(或说是宋代朱熹的诗作,为后人的讹误)。此诗开头两句点明时令,勾画出五月里石榴花开时的繁茂烂漫景象;后两句点明地点,表明石榴花无人游赏以致美景寂然零落,委婉地表达了诗人孤独的心境。全诗描述景致清新自然,并在描摹客观景物中寄寓着人生哲理。

The poem “Pomegranate Flowers” is a poem by Han Yu of the Tang Dynasty (or a poem by Zhu Xi of the Song Dynasty, which is a mistake of later generations). The first two lines of the poem indicate the time of the year, outlining the lush and rosy scene of pomegranate blossoms in May; the second two lines indicate the place, indicating that the pomegranate blossoms are not appreciated and thus the beauty is silent and falling, euphemistically expressing the poet’s lonely state of mind. The whole poem describes the scenery freshly and naturally, and implies the philosophy of life in the description of objective scenery.

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