Li Guan Poem: Prelude to the Song of Six States · The Temple of Xiang Yu – 李冠《六州歌头·项羽庙》

六州歌头
项羽庙

李冠
秦亡草昧[1],刘项起吞并。
鞭寰宇。
驱龙虎。
扫欃枪[2]。
斩长鲸。
血染中原战。
视馀耳[3],皆鹰犬,
平祸乱,归炎汉。
势奔倾。兵散月明。
风急旌旗乱,
刁斗[4]三更。
共虞姬相对,
泣听楚歌声。
玉帐魂惊。泪盈盈。
念花无主,
凝愁苦,挥雪刃,
掩泉扃[5]。
时不利,骓不逝,
困阴陵[6],叱追兵。
呜咽摧天地,望归路,忍偷生!
功盖世,何处见遗灵?
江静水寒烟冷,
波纹细、古木凋零。
遣行人到此,
追念益伤情,
胜负难凭!

注释:
[1]草昧:蒙昧;不开化。这里指荒芜,形容秦的灭亡。
[2]欃枪:彗星。这里用来比喻秦朝。
[3]馀耳:指张耳、陈馀,都是参加反秦斗争的人物。秦亡后,项羽封张耳为常山王,封陈馀三县地。
[4]刁斗:古代军中用具,铜质,有柄,容积约为一斗,日间用来烧饭,晚上用来打更。
[5]泉扃:九泉,地下。
[6]阴陵:秦县名,今安徽定远县西北。

Prelude to the Song of Six States
· The Temple of Xiang Yu

Li Guan
At the Qin’s close
Liu and Xiang rose.
Whipping the world driving dragons and tigers away,
Killing the whales and sweeping the comets in array.
Beating the foe,
Quelling the woe,
Liu won the war
With an uproar.
Xiang’s army dispersed in moonlight,
His flags pellmell at the dead of night.
He listened in the tent for long
His native Southern song
With Lady Yu in tears,
Her jade-like soul in fears.
The beauty grieved to lose her lord;
She killed herself with snow-bright sword.
Unfortunately he could not run his horse;
Surrounded he could still frighten the pursuing force.
Could sky and earth not be moved to tears?
Gazing on homeward way ahead,
Could he survive the dead?
Heroism unsurpassed
O where to find the hero’s soul at last?
The river’s still, the mist and water freeze,
It ripples in the breeze
Before the withered ancient trees.
Visitors would be moved none the less.
Could a hero be judged by failure or success?

注释:
By the end of the Qin Dynasty Xiang Yu (232—202 BC) and Liu Bang (256—195 BC) fought for the throne. Defeated, Xiang and his favorite Lady Yu committed suicide.

宋代李冠所作的《六州歌头·项羽庙》为咏史怀古词,全词通篇隐括《史记》中的《项羽本纪》,把项羽从起兵到失败的曲折历程熔铸词中,着重于表现项羽的英雄气概。

The Song Dynasty’s Li Guan’s “Six States’ Songtou – Xiang Yu Temple” is a nostalgic lyric from history. The whole lyric categorizes “The Chronicle of Xiang Yu” in “The Records of the Grand Historian”, and melts Xiang Yu’s tortuous journey from his rise to defeat into the lyric, focusing on Xiang Yu’s heroic spirit.

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