Zhang Bian Poem: Swallows Leaving Pavilion – 张昪《离亭燕·一带江山如画》

离亭燕
张昪

一带江山如画,
风物向秋潇洒。
水浸碧天何处断,
霁色冷光相射。
蓼屿荻花洲,
隐映竹篱茅舍。

天际客帆高挂,
门外酒旗低迓。
多少六朝兴废事,
尽入渔樵闲话。
怅望倚危栏,
红日无言西下。

Swallows Leaving Pavilion
Zhang Bian

So picturesque the land by riverside,
In autumn tints the scenery is purified.
Without a break green waves merge into azure sky,
The sunbeams after rain take chilly dye.
Bamboo fence dimly seen amid the reeds
And thatch-roofed cottages overgrown with weeds.

Among white clouds are lost white sails,
And where smoke coils up slow,
There wineshop streamers hang low.
How many of the fisherman’s and woodman’s tales
Are told about the Six Dynasties’ fall and rise!
Saddened, I lean upon the tower’s rails,
Mutely the sun turns cold and sinks in western skies.

注释:
The poet reflects on the rise and fall of the Six Dynasties (221—280; 317—389) .

《离亭燕·一带江山如画》是宋代词人张昪的作品。此词上片描写金陵一带的山水景色,前两句写全景,后两句写到人文景观,为下文抒情埋下伏笔;下片一气贯下,由纯粹的景物描写转向带有人事活动的景物描写,抒发怀古幽情。全词借景抒情,情景交融,笔法冷峻,格调沉郁,豪气内藏,是宋词由婉约向豪放转变时期的过渡型作品。

The first two lines describe the panoramic view and the second two lines are about the human landscape. The first two lines describe the panoramic view of the landscape around Jinling, and the second two lines describe the humanistic landscape, laying the groundwork for the following emotion; the next piece goes on in a single breath, shifting from pure description of scenery to description of scenery with human activities, expressing nostalgic sentiment. The whole lyric expresses emotions through scenery, blending scenes and situations, with a cold and grim style, a somber tone and a boldness inside, which is a transitional work in the period of transformation of Song lyrics from ebullient to bold.

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