qíng 情 – Chinese philosophy and culture

qíng 情

Qing

“情”有三种不同含义:其一,泛指人的情感、欲望。“情”受外物感动而发,是人的自然本能,不是后天习得的。其二,特指人的某些情感、欲望,通常被规定为好、恶、喜、怒、哀、乐等六者,或喜、怒、哀、惧、爱、恶、欲等七者。前者也被称作“六志”或“六情”,后者被称作“七情”。其三,指情实或实情。对于前两个意义上的“情”,历代学者持有不同态度,或主张抑制“情”,或承认“情”的合理性而加以引导和安处。

The term has three different meanings. First, it means human emotions and desires, referring to the natural and instinctive reaction to external circumstances, not a learned response. Second, it refers to specific human emotions and desires, commonly known as the six human emotions: love, hatred, happiness, anger, sadness, and joy, or as the seven human emotions: happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, hatred, and desire. Third, it means the true state of affairs, or actual situation. For centuries, scholars have had different interpretations on the first two meanings. Some advocated that emotions should be restrained or controlled, while others believed that emotions and desires were natural and should be properly guided.

引例 Citations:

◎何谓人情?喜、怒、哀、惧、爱、恶、欲,七者弗学而能。(《礼记·礼运》)

(什么叫做人之情?就是喜爱、恼怒、悲哀、恐惧、爱慕、憎恶、欲求,这七者不用学习就能产生。)

What are human emotions? They are happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, hatred, and desire that arise instinctively. (The Book of Rites)

◎上好信,则民莫敢不用情。(《论语·子路》)

(地位高的人讲求诚信,则民众没有人敢不以实情相待。)

If those in high positions act in good faith, the people will not dare to conceal the truths. (The Analects)

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