The Moon over the West River
From day to day I drink my cupfuls of wine dry;
From morn to morn in my small garden flowers blow.
Singing and dancing, how happy am I!
Glad I’m not hindered wherever I go.
History consists of dream on dream;
Of society there’s cream on cream.
Do not array or calculate!
Why not accept our present fate?
The poet cannot but accept his fate.
“The Moon over the West River” is a lyric composed by Zhu Dunru, a lyricist of the Southern Song Dynasty. The first two lines describe the life of the lyricist who spent his days drinking in front of flowers. The deep cup of wine is full, and the flowers in the small garden point out the elegance of the dwelling place. The first two lines are about the person, but the spirit of the person is already visible. In the next piece, the mood of the poem changes abruptly, and the two pairs of lines express the author’s understanding of worldly affairs and life, while the last line is a summary and revelation of the connotation of the leisurely and comfortable life described in the previous piece. The last line is a summary and revelation of the underlying meaning of the leisurely and relaxed life described in the previous piece. The words are shallow and self-explanatory, revealing an idle mood. The lyrics are fresh and elegant, with a natural rhythm and good language and meaning.